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terminology

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|Coordinate transformation| Change of coordinates from one CRS to another, where the CRSs datums differ| | |Coordinate transformation| Change of coordinates from one CRS to another, where the CRSs datums differ| | ||

|Datum| Defines the position of the origin, the scale and the orientation of the axis of a coordinate system with respect to an object| | |Datum| Defines the position of the origin, the scale and the orientation of the axis of a coordinate system with respect to an object| | ||

+ | |Easting| Distance in a CRS eastwards (positive) or westwards (negative) from a north-south reference| | ||

+ | |Ellipsoid| A closed surface formed by the rotation of an ellipse about a main axis. The figure of the Earth is usually modelled as an ellipsoid which is slightly squished from the shape of a sphere at the poles. Shape usually described by terms //a// and //b// (semi-major and semi-minor axis lengths) or //a// and //f-inverse// (inverse flattening)| | ||

+ | |Ellipsoidal height (//h//)|Distance of a point from the ellipsoid, measured along the perpendicular from the ellipsoid to the point| | ||

+ | |Geodetic coordinate system|A coordinate system where position is specified by geodetic latitude, geodetic longitude and (for 3d case) ellipsoidal height| | ||

+ | |Geodetic latitude| Angle from the equatorial plane to the perpendicular to the ellipsoid through a given point, positive northwards| | ||

+ | |Geodetic longitude| Angle from the prime meridian plane to the meridian plane of a given point, positive eastwards| | ||

+ | |Geoid| Equipotential surface of the Earth's gravity field, which is everywhere perpendicular to the direction of gravity and which best fits mean sea level| | ||

+ | |Geoid-ellipsoid separation (//N//)|Height of the geoid above the ellipsoid| | ||

+ | |Gravity-related height (//H//)|Height dependent on the Earth's gravity field, such as orthometric or normal height, which both are approximations of the distance of a point above mean sea level. //H// = //h// + //N//| | ||

+ | |Height| Either ellipsoidal or gravity-related height| | ||

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terminology.txt ยท Last modified: 2018/10/09 06:29 by allchin09